Fleas are the most common external parasite discovered on canine and cats. A single flea can chunk your pet over four hundred times a day, resulting in itching and painful scratching, which may in turn lead to reddening, irritated pores and skin and hair loss in the area, or trigger more critical (and costly) pores and skin circumstances like dermatitis (rashes or tiny crusts) brought on by an allergic response to the flea´s saliva.
They can also transmit the critical tapeworm parasite if your pet swallows an infested flea whereas self-grooming. In a single day, a flea can devour greater than it´s physique weight price of blood, which might provoke severe anemia to your canine or cat. In some circumstances resembling extreme infestations or in the case of younger, ill or old pets, this may result in demise.
Step Two: Find the Flea
You will need to detect the presence of fleas in your pet before they will attain the dangerous ranges described above, the place your pets suffering becomes evident. When the fleas first make their appearance on your pet, you may be deceived into pondering that their scratching, nibbling or licking their hair coat and pores and skin is part of their regular grooming routine.
Due to this fact you should check your pet periodically, especially during heat seasons or indoor circumstances (heater or fireplace in use inside the home). Fastidiously look for fleas around the top, neck and ears of your pet, and inspect the armpits and legpits. You might see small darkish fleas transferring around, however don´t be misled should you don´t see them as they’re superb at hiding between skin folds and fur.
The best way to determine the flea´s presence in your pet is to go looking their coat for flea feces. To do that, rub or comb (you should use a special flea comb) your pet´s coat and dump the collected hair or litter right into a damp white paper towel.
If your pet has fleas, black flecks will fall onto the paper and turn purple or rust color when wet. The reddish shade comes from the blood sucked by the flea and transferred to the feces. If the black flecks dont grow to be crimson then it´s just regular dirt. You may as well test your pets resting place with this methodology.
Do not forget that the feces are food for the larvae, so it keeps the flea´s life cycle rolling on. (Nasty! I suppose all of us do it in a sense, but fleas literally grow/come from their dad and mom crap! Remember to repeat this process periodically, especially if your pet has been enjoying the sunny outdoors.
For those who do discover fleas, you should act fast in opposition to them, as they can rapidly invade your own home. Thankfully, fleas are getting easier to control as there is a wide range of secure and effective products obtainable out there to fight them.
Step three: Assault and Destroy the Flea
Most flea problems may be eradicated by treating the fleas immediately on your pet. You can take your pet to a vet so he can determine if a prescription treatment is critical, or you should utilize over the counter products, reminiscent of flea collars, sprays, shampoo, liquid, topical products and powders that can be utilized straight on your pet´s body. Some merchandise kill only adult fleas, while others stop the eggs from developing. Deciding which methodology is greatest to your case might require consultation with a veterinarian.
In case your pet is seriously infested, you might want to deal with their resting spot and possibly your own home. Frequent vacuuming of the areas your pet frequents will normally eliminate fleas at their completely different life levels (eggs, larvae, or adult fleas). Authorized pest management providers can also deal with your pet´s out of doors atmosphere in severe cases where this is required. It is usually very important that you treat any other pets in your home, as fleas can jump from one to a different.
Step four: Prevention (This should be step one, but in case you are studying this its probably as a result of you have already got fleas!)
Due to the flea´s fast enlargement fee, they can be hard to get rid of fully, due to this fact prevention is essential. So whether or not you find fleas in your pet or not, many veterinarians recommend treating pets monthly as a part of their well being care routine.
It is particularly really helpful to treat your pet at first of the heat seasons, as fleas thrive in heat environments. Vacuuming your pet´s favourite spots steadily will even prevent the fleas from reproducing and invading your own home. Taking these easy steps, you and your pet can take pleasure in a flea free atmosphere year spherical.
About the Writer Joseph Wharton is a very long time pet owner and enthusiast. He enjoys writing and sharing useful suggestions with other pet lovers.