Our foremothers used whatever fabrics they had readily available to hook their rugs. Wool, of course, was the only option because of its durability and warmth (which was the entire idea behind mattress ruggs.) However in addition they used homespun, silks, and different fabrics. For ground rugs, wool is the best choice it wears like iron and is straightforward to work with.
Wool is tactile, warm, and is available in so many lovely textures, patterns, and shades. The next factor you will learn is that you simply HATE wool nicely, you wont hate it, however when you buy wool at a thrift store and are so excited to organize it in your rug, and it doesnt do what you anticipated it to coming out of the washer and dryer, you will not be a cheerful hooker.
Wool is a general time period for the fleece or hair from quite a lot of animals, like Sheep, Lambs, Goats, Llamas, Vicuna, Camels, worsted in addition to woolen fabrics qualify to make use of it. Also, some woolen fabrics are treated to make them machine washable, “shrink-proof, or are in any other case handled in order that they won’t “Full. Fulling is a time period for a small amount of shrinkage which is fascinating for rug hooking, since it helps lock the individual fibers to each other and make strips much less likely to fray throughout hooking. Most rug hookers discover wool with up to 10% nylon content acceptable for hooking. Nylon accepts acid dyes the identical as wool and silk, so overdying isn’t a problem. Many of the finer/softer fibers, especially those product of Lambs wool, Cashmere, Camel Hair, Vicuna, a wool fabric, often a plain weave, may be a easy test or stripe made utilizing woolen yarn and has a brushed finish. Pendleton woolen mills make a nice wool flannel.
Pendleton Woolens are good for hooking (look for Pendleton slacks and skirts for the most effective hooking weights..) Pendleton shirts are often marketed pretty much as good hooking woolens, but I find them too skinny for hooking with extensive cuts.
Merino is a breed of sheep. Merino sheep are a breed stored because of the size of their fleece and it is high-quality denier or thickness. Their fleece is commonly used for Worsted Yarns/Fabrics because the lengthy ‘staple’ (individual fibers) meaning there are fewer hairs on the finished surface. However as long as its not worsted weave, merino is nice hooking wool.
Wool from the Cashmere Goat, Extremely prized due to it is softness and light weight. also costly and a bit less durable for a floor rug.
A heavier weight cloth, traditionally woven in the area across the border between England and Scotland, together with the banks of the river Tweed. It’s made utilizing yarn spun from fleece of native sheep breeds like Cheviots it may be wonderful and fashionable or coarse and hardwearing.
Tweed fabric is usually woven using a ‘Marled’ or ‘Heathered’ yarn, where many colours are spun collectively to form a muted coloring, and may be woven in a verify, plaid or stripe, often utilizing a Herringbone weave. Donegal tweed is made in Ireland and is woven utilizing black and white yarns that have knobs or bumps spun into the yarn. Harris tweed is a trademarked product and is made solely on the Outer Hebridean Islands. It is fantastic to hook with! Manx tweed is now not made however originated on the Isle of Man in Nice BritainManx is the dialect spoken on this island, and can be the home of the Manx cats. This is a looser weave fabric that may or might not be helpful for hooking you have to take your possibilities, but it is gorgeous.
Weaves not good for hooking as the fibers will not full up enough to forestall the wool from raveling. It is usually too flat to make nice loops. You can find that wool crepe can be too lightweight and flat and is not going to change enough in the washing course of to permit the wool to fatten up. These are two mostly purchased in error. In case you have doubts, dont buy it!
The load of Wool
Perfect weights for hooking will differ slightly relying upon the scale of your strips; wonderful cut hooking can use a lighter weight wool, while a wider minimize requires a wool that may be a bit heavier. Actually heavy woolens, like blanket or coat weights can be utilized with a wide lower (above #eight), however you need to make certain that you simply permit enough room between loops so the heavy wool is not packed too tightly. This takes some observe. And will be onerous on the fingers and elbows to tug.
Regardless of the actual fabric used, you need a minimal of 4 or 5 threads in a strip for it to hold together throughout hooking. A really wonderful/lightweight flannel might have forty five or 50 warp threads to the inch, so you possibly can reduce 10 strips from each inch of fabric, while a heavy tweed may have solely 15 or less, that means you’ll be able to only cut three per inch.
A lightweight fabric might be lower wider however will are inclined to collapse when hooked in wider widths; the loops is not going to stand up neatly, so it may be better to hook with two strips at once slightly than use a strip twice as wide.
Utilizing Recycled Woolens
Make the Goodwill store one of your favourite locations to visit! If you would like to construct your wool stash shortly and inexpensively, and frequently add to it that is the very best place to go.
Search for the wools that I mentioned within the previous section which can be finest for hooking. Go first for the larger sizes in skirts, dresses and pantsmore wool on your cash! Most Goodwill shops sell skirts and pants for less than $4.00 each irrespective of the size. So you will get heaps more wool in a dimension 18 skirt, than in a dimension eight! Choose the colours and textures that you like, that you just want, and that you simply now will work for hooking. You will get significantly better at this as you go alongside. I can now simply scan the racks and see what I need. Read the labels!! Select wools with the wool mark label, one hundred% wool (not washable). Apart from Pendleton, search for the high-end designers wools, like Harve Bernard, Leslie Faye, Ralph Lauren, and others. Remember that you will rip these apart, then lower them into strips, so dont overlook these garments which have small holes, broken zippers, or open seams.
Avoid garments which have very open, loose weaves, are very flat and shiny (some gabardines should not marked as such) these usually are not going to behave for you. That is most essential: Never carry these garments inside your home until you are able to take them straight to the washer! Critters, moth larvae and so forth can lurk insideyou do not need to expose your carpet or different hooking wool to these garments until you clean them. Keep them within the plastic luggage in your car trunk or garage till you might be prepared to wash them.
That is the order wherein I put together recycled wool others do it differently for varied causes. You’ll find the way you want the very best. First, since I don’t prefer to open the garments and rip them apart while they are dirty, I lower off the waist bands with scissors, then I can take away the linings. Subsequent, wash the garment with the opposite seams etc. intact. I just like to minimize my very own exposure to the stuff that falls out of a used garment although I do make a behavior of checking pockets for junk I dont need in my machine and on the wool, like tissue, matches, or whatever. So do empty pockets before you wash. So, I wash the garments according to the instructions in the subsequent section.
When the washer stops, I take away one garment at a time. I begin at the bottom of the skirt or the leg of a pair of pants, snip through the hem within the seam going up the side, then rip the seam out just by pulling wet wool and threads rip very easily. I open all of the seams that run up the sides and again or font of the garment. If its a skirt, I just have to open the hem and I am finished (I already took off the waist band.) If there are pockets, I simply lower them off and throw them away. For a pair of slacks, I’d next open the seams at the crotch, lower off and discard the pockets, and I have 4 panels of wool. For dresses, I just comply with the identical process as for skirts, discard something that doesnt give me a decent size piece of wool, and I’m ready to dry.
Washing & Drying
If you buy wool off the bolt (as-is) or recycled woolen garments for rug hooking, the first thing you’ll do is wash the wool. If the wool is new off the bolt, it will wash out any sizing that was put within the wool during processing and likewise will shrink the fibers (full the wool) to thicken it for hooking and to prevent the edges of your lower strips from raveling as you hook with them. If the wool is recycled, washing does the necessary fulling for these woolens, however it also washes out any physique soil, oils, dry cleaning fluid residues, or dirt that may attract moths and their wool-consuming larvae into your stash (not a good factor!)
So why does wool shrink? When wool fabric is subjected to mechanical motion within the presence of moisture, i.e. during washing and tumble drying, the person wool fibers begin to move, but due to wools distinctive floor profile (a scale structure like tiles on the roof of a house) the fibers can only move in a single path, and cant transfer again to their authentic position. Finally, with prolonged mechanical motion, the fibers become entangled and locked collectively, causing the knitted fabric to shrink. Rug hookers need and need this to occur.
To wash wool in preparation for hooking, use heat water and a chilly rinse in your washing machine. Do not use any detergent containing bleach additivesbleach will dissolve wool. I want to use powdered Tide detergent (it’s inexpensive to purchase and it does not include any added perfumes or bleaches.) Use the common cycle on your washer to ensure enough agitation for fulling the wool. Gentle cycles is not going to agitate enough and your woolens will still be too skinny and flat for hooking. The factors that cause sufficiently fulled woolens are the temperature change from heat to cold, and agitation. Agitation is the important thing factor, so when you’ve got a wool that may be a bit thick to begin with or seems good earlier than washing, wash on cold with regular agitation. Spinning at the top of the cycle will not harm your wool.
Take away the wool as quickly because the wash cycle completes, and put it within the dryer on common heat with a fluffy terry towel and a dryer sheet. The towel will assist the wool to get fluffy and dry quick, and the dryer sheet will help stop the wool from getting wrinkled and caught to itself. Once more, if the wool is a bit thick to begin with, youve washed it on cold, then put it into the dryer for simply a short while to fluff it, after which dangle it to dry the remainder of the best way. Remove wool promptly from the dryer, and either fold or roll the wool. Add it to your stash!
Testing for Wool Content material
Arent certain its wool? Some wool is just not marked, the labels have been removed, or could even be marked incorrectly. When you arent certain what you’ve, you possibly can test it. Listed here are a few methods that take a look at for wool content material:
Burn Take a look at
Take a couple of fibers from every direction of the weave (warp and weft) or a small swatch of the fabric, sit it in a steel container and mild them on fire. Wool will completely burn and odor like hair burning. If there are artificial fibers (nylon, orlon, acrylic), it is not going to burn utterly and can go away a plastic-like blob behind.
Bleach Take a look at
Bleach dissolves wool! Take the fibers from each course of weave, or a small swatch and sit it in a metal container. Cover it with family bleach and let it sit for 24 hours. After 24 hours, wool will dissolve. If a part of the fibers dissolve and a few dont, you might have some synthetic fibers, cotton, etc. in your fabric.
So now you recognize. And what if there are fibers left behind? Can you continue to use it for hooking? Decide what share of the original piece of fabric is left behind. If its about 20% or much less, then the fabric will in all probability be wonderful for hooking. If its greater than 20%, youll have to take your possibilities, however its a good bet that it wont be the perfect fabric for hooking.
Store your wool in a place the place is won’t be affected by accumulated moisture (plastic baggage and plastic tubs are not the best choice.) You probably have some shelves or a cupboard or dresser where the temperature is stable, that is a good place to store your wool. Plastic luggage & boxes are okay, if they are not kept in a scorching or damp place, and it’s a spot with low humidity.