Air conditioner systems use an electric motor to operate the compressor system inside the air conditioning unit as well as an electric fan to circulate air. Electric motors are inductive electrical hundreds, and sometimes demand more power on startup than whereas running. It could appear logical that the lights in your home dim a bit when your air conditioner turns on; nonetheless, it could appear out of kinds if the lights dim when your neighbor air conditioner turns on.
Air Conditioners Require Further Energy at Startup
An electric motor inside an air conditioner requires more vitality to start out turning than to proceed turning. When an electric motor is turned on, the electromotive power generated by the motor coil will oppose the change in voltage that created the pressure; this phenomenon known as a 鈥渂ack EMF. A motor that has a load to drive akin to a compressor motor turning the compressor piston will expertise a smaller back EMF than an unloaded motor. Because the effect of a back EMF continues to be current, a motor will require more electric current and by extension, extra power at startup than during continuous operation.
Why an Air Conditioner Causes Lights to Dim
An air conditioner that shares a common energy circuit with a lamp may trigger the lamp to noticeably dim when the air conditioner begins up. Since the motors in an air conditioner require more energy to begin up than to maintain operating, the air conditioner could cause the facility to 鈥渟ag for other gadgets sharing that circuit. This energy sag could come in the form of diminished voltage or current to different devices sharing that circuit. An under-voltage or beneath-current situation might trigger an electric lamp to go dim or to go out fully.
A number of Houses May Share One Transformer
Many electric transformers are designed to offer a whole lot of amps of electric current at a specified voltage. Since a single-family dwelling could solely require a a hundred-amp or 200-amp electrical service, two or more properties may be related to a single transformer.
Shared Power Sources
When two or more electric gadgets share a single power source, the facility draw on that energy source is equal to the sum of the facility being drawn by every particular person system. Equally, when two houses share a single transformer, the whole power drawn from the transformer is equal to the sum of the power being drawn by each residence. If one home temporarily draws more energy than the opposite akin to during an air conditioner startup phase the second residence could expertise a power sag and dimming or flickering lights.
Georgia State College: AC Motors and Generators
Florida Energy and Light Firm: Flickers and Power Annoyances
Temperature Systems, Inc.: Gentle Flicker throughout Air Conditioner Begin